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What is Ebola?

                Ebola, previously known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with one of the Ebola virus strains. Ebola can cause disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees).


Symptoms of Ebola include

  • Fever (greater than 38.6°C or 101.5°F)
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal (stomach) pain
  • Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)

Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.


When an infection does occur in humans, the virus can be spread in several ways to others. Ebola is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with

  • blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, feces, vomit, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola
  • objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus
  • infected animals

Once someone recovers from Ebola, they can no longer spread the virus. However, Ebola virus has been found in semen for up to 3 months. People who recover from Ebola are advised to abstain from sex or use condoms for 3 months.


How does this affect campuses?

   The CDC is recommending that all non-essential travel to Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra, and Leone until the outbreak of Ebola is handled. They have stated in the report this could take a minimum of six months. Even though other countries in West Africa are currently safe, and travel there is not recommended as well. If educational trips to one of these regions has been planned, they ask to us to postpone these trips until further notice.


"Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease)." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 01 Oct. 2014. Web. 2 Oct. 2014.

 

The big thing everyone has talked about over the past couple of weeks is the virus Ebola. For this reason we have put together some information to let everyone know about it!

Ebola is a virus. Its symptoms (which can appear 2-21 days after exposure) include the following:

  • Fever (greater than 38.6°C or 101.5°F)
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal (stomach) pain
  • Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)

Ebola is spread through direct contact of bodily fluids. It is not spread through the air. For males who have Ebola, it can be spread through the semen for up to three months. To protect yourself from Ebola you should avoid travel to West Africa, stay away from soiled equipment and linens from Ebola patients, wash your hands, and avoid contact with bats and non-human primates.

    According to the CDC, “Ebola was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. “ Even though it is unknown how the first case was contracted, it is believed that it was through bats. In Africa the consumption of bats is done on a regular basis; therefore, this is a likely source of how the disease was first transmitted to humans.

For more information, and the latest updates, please visit the CDC website.

For more information on ebola check out our October Peay Journal link below.

 

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