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Undergraduate Course Descriptions

BIOL 1010 Principles of Life
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Offered every semester
A course for non-science majors.  Topics covered include scientific methodology, the nature of living organisms, cell structure and function, cell chemistry and division, nature of heredity and gene action, the theory of evolution and principles of ecology.  BIOL 1010 will not serve as a prerequisite of upper level biology courses.

BIOL 1020 Diversity of Life
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Offered every semester
A course for non-science majors. The course reviews basic scientific methodology and surveys the kingdoms of life with particular attention to the evolution and ecology of these forms.  The portion of the course involving the study of vertebrate animals will include discussions of selected human systems.  BIOL 1020 will not serve as a prerequisite of upper level biology courses.

BIOL 1040 Human Biology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Offered every semester
A course for non-science majors.  A survey of human structure, function, evolution, and ecology.  Topics covered include scientific methodology, biological chemistry, cells, tissues, organ systems, genetics and human development, evolution and ecology.  BIOL 1030 will not serve as a prerequisite of upper level biology courses.

BIOL 1110 Principles of Biology I
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Offered every semester
A principles course for students majoring or minoring in biology or other sciences.  Topics include scientific methodology, an overview of the physiological processes of living organisms including metabolism and energy transfer, concepts of inheritance and the nature of genes, and foundational concepts of evolution and ecology.  A brief overview of the kingdoms of life and the rudiments of classification will be presented.

BIOL 1120 Principles of Biology II
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1110 with grade C or higher
Offered every semester
Continuation of BIOL 1110/1111. Topics include an overview of the evolutionary history of biological diversity and an introduction to plant and animal form and function including an overview of plant, animal, protist, and fungus diversity.

 BIOL 2010 Human Anatomy and Physiology I

Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Offered every semester
Designed for students in health and human performance, psychology, nursing, and allied health programs. Structure and function of the human body ,with emphasis on cellular structure and function, tissues, integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, and endocrine systems.

BIOL 2020 Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 2010 with grade of C or higher
Offered every semester
Continuation of BIOL 2010. Treats the cardiovascular, lymphatic, immune, respiratory, digestive, and excretory systems, water and electrolyte balance, human reproduction, growth and development, and human genetics.

BIOL 2300 Principles of Microbiology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 2020 with a grade of C or higher
Offered every semester
An introductory study of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoans with particular emphasis on their relationship to infection and disease. Asepsis, immunity, sterilization, and special problems related to patients and hospitals. Completion of BIOL 2300 does not substitute for BIOL 3050 for a Biology major or minor.

BIOL 3000 Biological Methods
Three hours lecture (3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120/1121 with a grade of C or higher
Introduction to methods for conducting and interpreting biological research.  Specific topics include: the scientific method; critical thinking; logic of hypothesis testing; basic experimental design; basic statistical methods; interpretation of primary scientific literature; acquisition, analysis, and presentation of scientific data.

BIOL 3050 Microbial Diversity
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1110 with grade C or higher
Offered every semester
The evolutionary process will provide an overarching theme in a comparative study of the morphology, physiology, and ecology of representative microorganisms.  The coevolution of hosts and pathogens will also be discussed.  The term microorganism includes subcellular viruses, bacteria, protistans and microscopic fungi.

BIOL 3060 Zoological Diversity
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120 or 2020 with grade C or higher
Offered every semester
A comparative study of the taxonomy, functional morphology, development, ecology, and evolution of representative invertebrate and vertebrate groups.

BIOL 3070 Botanical Diversity
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120 with grade C or higher
Offered every semester
An evolutionary survey of the plant kingdom (including fungi), involving a comparative study of the structure, reproduction, life cycle, and importance of representatives from the various groups.

BIOL 3130 Genetics
Three hours lecture, three hours lab (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1110 or 2020 with grade C or higher
Offered every semester
Consideration of the principles underlying the inheritance in plants and animals. Application of these principles to population dynamics. Concepts are taught through problems based on experimental data.

BIOL 3200 Women and Science
Three hours lecture (3)
Prerequisite: eight hours of natural science with grades of C or higher
Offered Spring semester of even numbered years
This course is an interdisciplinary survey of women in science. Contributions of women scientists to the natural sciences will be studied; using this historical context, students will consider broad social questions such as: Do barriers still exist for women/girls in science? and How do cultural biases impact the objectivity of scientific studies? 

BIOL 3330 Principles of Evolution
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1110 with grade C or higher
Offered every semester
Designed to impart an understanding of the core concepts in modern evolutionary theory, and an appreciation of the central position that theory holds as a theme unifying all sub disciplines of biology.

BIOL 3730 Medical Microbiology
Three hours lecture, three hours lab (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120 or 2020 with grade of C or higher
Offered Alternate Spring Semesters of even numbered years
Knowledge and interpretation which will enable the student to become proficient in isolating and identifying human pathogens. Bacterial isolation and morphology will be stressed.

BIOL 3760 Immunology and Serology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 2300 or BIOL 3050 with grade of C or higher
Offered every Spring semester
Fundamentals of antigen-antibody reactions, and serologic procedures performed in the clinical laboratory.

BIOL 4020 Biological Sciences and Geographic Information Systems
Three hours lecture, three hours lab (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120 and one upper division biology course with grades of C or higher
Students in the biological sciences shall learn the functionality of geographic information systems and spatial analysis related to epidemiological and population dynamics. They will learn the integration of computer plotting, site investigative mapping, and analysis of geopositioning satellite information from the application of real-time case studies of research problems in the biological sciences.

BIOL 4040 Histology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120 with grade of C or higher
Principal mammalian tissues. Primary emphasis is placed on the recognition of cells and the
relationships within the organs.

BIOL 4050 Field Botany
Two hours lecture, four hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120 and one upper division Biology course with grades of C or higher
Offered Fall semester of even numbered years
A study of local vascular plants with emphasis on identification, the use of manuals, preparation of collections, and distinguishing features of the major groups.

BIOL 4070 Animal Behavior
Three hours lecture, three hours lab (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120 and one upper division BIOL course with grades of C or higher
Offered Spring Semester of even numbered years
The course will instruct the student in major topics of animal behavior.  The instructional material will focus on the three main areas of animal behavior research, categories of animal behavior, evolution of animal behavior, and neuro-analysis of animal behavior.

BIOL 4080 General Ecology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120 and one upper division BIOL course with grades of C or higher
Offered every semester
A survey of basic ecological principles and processes and their application of the welfare of humans and their environment. Lecture and laboratory activities focus on understanding ecosystem dynamics. Includes statistical analysis of field-collected data.

BIOL 4100 Biostatistics
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisites: MATH 1730 or higher and two upper division biology courses with grades of C or higher
Offered Fall Semester of odd numbered years
Statistical methods in biological research.  Basic descriptive and inferential statistics, frequency distributions and analyses, analysis of variance, linear regression, correlation, nonparametric analogues to parametric methods, relationships between experimental design and data analysis used in hypothesis testing.  Selected multi variate analysis, statistical resampling methods, and data reduction techniques discussed.  Computer use emphasized.

BIOL 4110 Animal Physiology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisites: BIOL 3060, and one eight-hour chemistry series with grades C or higher
Offered every Fall semester
A survey of animal physiology with emphasis on mammalian systems. The molecular and cellular aspects of physiology as they relate to the function of the organisms are considered. All major systems are discussed.

BIOL 4120 Plant Physiology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisites: BIOL 1120 and one eight-hour Chemistry series with grades C or higher
Offered every Spring semester
Principal physiological process of plants including mineral nutrition, photosynthesis, water relation, translocation, respiration, growth hormones, photo physiology, and biological function of nucleic acids and proteins.

BIOL 4160 Human Physiology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120 or 2020 and CHEM 1110 with grades of C or higher
Offered Spring Semester of even numbered years
The molecular and cellular aspects of physiology as they relate to the regulation of homeostasis, cellular metabolism, the nervous system, muscle, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, and endocrine.

BIOL 4200 Developmental Biology 
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120 or 2020 with grades of C or higher
Offered in Fall semester in odd numbered years
The morphology and physiology of vertebrate development.

BIOL 4230 Advanced Topics in Genetics
Three hours lecture, three hours lab (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3130 with grade C or higher
Offered Fall Semester of even numbered years
This course is designed to explore current topics in genetics and regulation of gene expression. Concepts are taught through literature review and experimental problems.

BIOL 4300 Bacteriology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisites: BIOL 1120 and one upper division Biology course with grades of C or higher
Offered Alternate Spring Semesters of even numbered years
An introduction to each of the 10 groups of bacteria. Major emphasis will be placed on those groups that greatly affect humans through their beneficial or detrimental attributes.

BIOL 4340 Phycology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120 and one upper division BIOL course with grades of C or higher
Offered Fall Semester of odd numbered years
A study of the structure, evolution, ecology, and physiology of algae.  Students will conduct research to learn methodologies needed to use physiological and ecological characteristics of algae as indicators of environmental health.

BIOL 4350 Field Zoology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3060 with grade C or higher
Offered in Fall semester in odd numbered years
A survey of the native vertebrate animals, with emphasis on collection, preservation, identification, and taxonomic relationships.

BIOL 4400 Teaching Science in High School
Three hours lecture (3)
Prerequisite: Milestone II in the Teacher Education Program
Offered every semester
Emphasis is placed on providing pre-service secondary science teachers with the opportunity to develop and present brief laboratory activities, teach selected concepts to peers, and prepare written activities that promote critical thinking and meet the needs of students with diverse learning preferences. Preparation of a 2-3 week teaching unit and 20 hours of field experience are required.

BIOL 4410 Reproductive Physiology

Three hours lecture, three hours labortory (4)
Prerequisites: BIOL 1120 and one upper division biology course and one 8 hour chemistry series with grades C or higher
Offered Fall semesters of even numbered years
 

BIOL 4440 Cell and Molecular Biology

Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisites: BIOL 1120 or 2020 and one upper division biology course and one eight-hour chemistry series with grades of C or higher
Offered every semester
The fundamental role of macro-molecules and cell ultrastructure in mediating such cellular activities as permeability, excitability, secretion, cell-cell communications, and energy transduction. The function of the cell at the molecular level will be emphasized.

BIOL 4450 Biotechnology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisites: BIOL 1120 and one upper division biology course with grades of C or higher
Offered Spring semesters of odd numbered years
Instruction of students in the isolation and manipulation of nucleic acids for the construction and characterization of recombinant DNA molecules either for the generation of genetic probes or the development of genetically engineered microorganisms. Emphasis will be placed on the uses of these tools in biological research, biotechnology, and diagnostics.

BIOL 4500 Research
Six to twelve hours laboratory (2-4)
Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor, minimum 2.5 cumulative GPA, minimum 3.0 average in Biology; 16 hours of BIOL 3000-4999 level biology courses.
This course is offered for those who desire to pursue a special study of some biological problems beyond what is possible in regular courses. The student is expected to select and plan a research problem and pursue it to some state of completion. The data are to be written in acceptable scientific form and available for a seminar. Maximum of eight hours.

BIOL 4540 Plant Ecology
Three hours lecture, three hours lab (4)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120 and one upper division biology course with grades of C or higher
Offered Fall Semester in even numbered years
An overview of the field of plant ecology, including topics in plant population biology, species interactions, plant-environment interactions, and community structure investigations will take place in the field and in the laboratory.

BIOL 4550 Ichthyology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisites: BIOL 3060 and one other uppder division biology course with grades of "C" or higher
Offered Fall semester in even numbered years
A survey of fish diversity including study of their systematic relationships, evolutionary history, ecology, distribution, behavior, and morphology with an emphasis on the ichthyofauna of the Southeastern United States and identification of local taxa and families of the world.

BIOL 4560 Aquatic Macroinvertebrates
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisites: Senior status or permission of instructor
Offered Spring Semester in even numbered years
An investigation of the diversity of aquatic macroinvertebrates through the study of their taxonomy, morphology, development, ecology and evolution of selected aquatic invertebrates.  Emphasis will be placed on freshwater aquatic macroinvertebrates of the Southeastern United States.

BIOL 4600 Parasitology
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisites: BIOL 1120 or 2020 and one upper division biology course with grades of C or higher
Offered in Fall semester in odd numbered years
A survey of the parasitic protozoans, helminths, and arthropods affecting man and other animals. Emphasis is placed on morphology, life-cycles, host- parasite relationships, method of reproduction, transmission, and control.

BIOL 4620 Ornithology
Three hour lecture, three hours laboratory (4)
Prerequisites: BIOL 1120 and one upper division biology course with grades of C or higher
Offered Spring Semester in odd numbered years
A study of the evolution, taxonomy, identification, life history, and behavior of birds, with emphasis on local representatives.

BIOL 4700 Topics in Biology (1-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120 and one upper division biology course with grades of C or higher
Special courses or workshops in selected topics. Specific topics may be developed by faculty or by students in consultation with a faculty member. This course may be repeated for a cumulative total of 9 credit hours.

BIOL 4810 Wildlife Management Internship (15)
Prerequisite: Junior or Senior status and permission of instructor
One semester of on-the-job experience in various phases of wildlife or fisheries management. Students are assigned as trainees to an APSU-approved agency.

BIOL 4820 Environmental Education Internship (15)
Prerequisite: Junior or Senior status and permission of instructor
One semester of on-the-job experience in planning and implementing environmental education programs. Students are assigned as trainees to an APSU-approved agency.